L EU/EFTA permit (Short-term residents)
Short-term residents are foreign nationals who reside in Switzerland for a limited period of time, usually less than a year, for a certain purpose with or without gainful employment.
EU-27/EFTA nationals are entitled to this permit provided they are in possession of an employment contract valid from three up to twelve months. Employment contracts of less than three months’ duration within a calendar year are not subject to a permit but are regulated via a notification procedure. The period of validity of the permit is identical to the term of the employment contract. It can be extended for a total period of less than twelve months.
L EU/EFTA permits without gainful employment are granted to job seekers from all EU/EFTA states. However, this practice does not create an entitlement to social insurance.
Since 1 January 2017, Protocol III to the Agreement on the free movement of persons between Switzerland and the EU is applicable to nationals form Croatia. A short-term permit L EU/EFTA for gainful activities is issued to Croatian nationals provided they fulfil the specific transitory provisions (quotas and priority clause for local workers as well as control of wages and work conditions). Croatian nationals cannot use the notification procedure und therefore have to hold a permit when taking up employment in Switzerland, regardless of the duration of the work contract.
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